Diamond Glossary

Old European - early round cut

Popular during the Victorian, Edwardian and Art Deco periods, the old European cut is a vintage diamond cut that emphasize a diamond’s color and clarity. Modern brilliant round cuts of today place more emphasis on the brilliance and sparkle of the stone. While both the old European and the modern brilliant have 57-58 facets, the placement differs.

This diamond cut was created before the use of precision technology, and as such they were hand cut and not always geometrically perfect. They can sometimes be an oval instead of a round due to this.

Old European cuts have a smaller table and a higher crown as well as an open culet. While it was popular to recut old Europeans, some larger European cuts are now kept as they are. The antique look and feel of these diamonds now holds appeal for some buyers.

Oval Cut - See Shape.

Oval cut diamonds are fancy shape diamonds that look like elongated round diamonds. This shape is becoming increasingly popular, with many celebrities sporting an oval cut diamond engagement ring, including Blake Lively, Amber Rose and Miranda Kerr. Ovals are favored as they appear larger than other cuts thanks to their large surface area. They also have great sparkle and create the impression of elongated fingers.

While the oval cut has been around since the 1800’s, the modern oval cut was not introduced until the 21st century. Created in the late 1950’s by Lazare Kaplan, the oval cut diamond is prone to bowties. These are dark patches in the stone as a result of a poor cut. The length to width ratio is especially important in an oval diamond, this effects how long or wide the diamond is. We typically recommend a length to width ratio of 1.30-1.50 for oval diamonds.

One of the most famous oval diamonds is the Koh-I-Noor, a 105.60ct oval diamond once owned by Queen Victoria.